Due to its unique shape, the Lifegard Fluidized Bed Filter is an extremely efficient, high capacity biological filter. Aquatic organisms excrete toxic ammonia as a metabolic waste product, with additional ammonia produced as food and other organic matter breaks down and decomposes. This toxic ammonia (NH3) is converted into another toxic compound nitrite (NO2) by the Nitrosomonas species of bacteria. The nitrite is then converted to a relatively non toxic compound called nitrate (NO3) by the Nitrobacteria species of bacteria. This process is known as nitrification. A biological filter is a vessel where nitrification occurs and soluble waste is removed.
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